Palgaes 1 - 4
Palgaes (also spelt Palgwes or Poomsae) are forms that focus on a presentation of specific moves. Everything is scrutinized upon, including feet position, shoulder placement, and speed. This is not to say that one should rush through palgaes, or measure out their feet placements, but should instead focus on being sharp and crisp with each movement. I will only go into limited descriptions on each palgae as it is much easier to know if you are performing the moves correctly with an instructor.
Note that whichever fist is not being used in a movement, should be placed on the side of your belt.
Palgae 1 - 20 movements
Palgae 1 is the simpliest of forms and only requires blocks and punches. Starting in the ready stance, turn left 90°, down block with your left hand. Your right fist should be on your belt, and your left fist should be about a foot away from your stomach with your left arm extended. Step forward and middle block with your right hand. Left fist on belt, right arm bent 45° with closed fist. Turn right 180° and down block with your right hand. Step forward and middle block with your left hand. Turn left 90° and down block with your left hand. Step forward middle block. Step forward middle block again. Step forward punch, Kiyup! Now, in regards to punches, your fist should be straight forward aiming at shoulder level. Your shoulders MUST BE SQUARED! This means that you shouldn't throw your shoulder forward during a punch so your body is twisted.
Palgae 2 - 20 movements
Palgae 2 increases in difficulty with front kicks, knife-hands, and upper blocks. Starting in the ready stance, turn left 90°, upper block with your left hand. Your left arm should be hovering several inches away from your forehead and bent horizontally. Use your back foot to kick in front of you and place in front of your other foot and use your right hand to punch. Nothing fancy with the kick, just a straight kick towards the stomach of your "opponent". Turn right 180° and upper block with your right hand, kick, punch. Turn left 90° and knife-hand down with your left hand. Knife-hands are just like blocks, but instead of a clenched fist, it is an open palm with fingers touching. Step forward knife-hand middle. Step forward upper block. Step forward punch, Kiyup!
Palgae 3 - 22 movements
The intro to Palgae 3 is not very difficult and involves only moves we have already used. Starting in the ready stance, turn left 90°, down block with your left hand. Step forward and punch, no kiyup. Turn right 180° and down block with your right hand. Step forward and punch, again no kiyup. Turn left 90° and down block with your left hand. Step forward upper block. Step forward upper block again. Step forward punch, Kiyup!
Palgae 4 - 24 movements
Palgae 4 is when things get tricky as we will go through many new moves, from the diamond block, to a chop-stomp, to spear-hand. Starting in the ready stance, bring your feet together on the right side and place both fists knuckle-to-knuckle on the right side of your belt. You will look to the left, place your left foot back where it was and bring your fists out to perform the diamond block. In diamond block, your left fist should be brought out to perform a middle block, while your right fist should be performing an upper block with your arm pointing towards the direction your are looking. From diamond block, keep your left hand where it is and bring your right fist down to your heart. Bring your left fist over and underneath uppercut with your right fist. Raise your left foot and bring your left hand back and open your fist. Stomp your left foot and chop horizontally with your left hand. Look right and slidestep to the right where you will perform another diamond block. Bring your top hand to your heart, bring it underneath, uppercut, stomp-chop. Facing forward, bring your left foot forward perform a knife-hand middle with your left hand. Front kick with your right foot, set it down in front and perform a spear hand with your right hand. For spear-hand, jab your right hand open-palmed forward and bring your left hand horizontal to your body and "resting" your right arm on top of your left hand. From here, bring your right hand to your head and spin 360° with your right foot stationary and your left foot forwards and your left hand should perform a hammer-fist after coming out of the spin. In hammer-fist, your arm should be extended forward and your fist clenched. It's much like a punch, but instead of a jab, it's a slam. Now step forward punch. Perhaps now you understand the necessity of having an instructor.